Thyroid disease is a common
women’s health issue. It frequently affects women after pregnancy or menopause, but can
strike at any age. Because the thyroid is responsible for regulating many
systems in the body, it can cause a wide range of symptoms, from weight
fluctuations to hair loss. Regular thyroid screenings are typically part
of women’s health check-ups so that early diagnosis becomes possible.
Here is what you need to know about the different types of thyroid disease
that affect women.
Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid
hormone. As a result, the metabolism slows, alongside other bodily systems.
Hypothyroidism can cause weight gain, hair loss, fatigue, dry skin, and
increased sensitivity to cold. Hashimoto’s disease, an autoimmune
condition in which the body’s immune system attacks the thyroid
gland, is the most common cause, but hypothyroidism can also be triggered
by radiation treatment for cancer care and thyroid removal. An oral thyroid
replacement hormone is the usual treatment.
With hyperthyroidism, the thyroid gland produces too much hormone, causing
weight loss, rapid heart rate, excessive sweating, insomnia, and anxiety.
Grave’s disease, another autoimmune condition, is responsible for
most cases of hyperthyroidism. Medications, radioiodine treatment, and
surgical removal of the thyroid can be used to treat hyperthyroidism.
Sometimes, treatment for hyperthyroidism can cause hypothyroidism.
Thyroid cancer occurs when malignant cells grow in the thyroid gland. Typically,
the first sign of thyroid cancer is a nodule, though most nodules that
appear on the thyroid are benign. You are more likely to develop thyroid
cancer if you have a family history of the disease, have a goiter, or
had radiation to the head or neck to treat cancer during childhood. Surgery
and radioiodine therapy are the most common treatments and may cause permanent
Westside Regional Medical Center, our services for women’s health near Plantation, FL include thyroid
screenings and treatments. You can get a referral to a women’s health
specialist or learn more about our hospital’s services, including
our cancer program, by calling (954) 722-9933.